Bective Abbey on the banks of the River Boyne was a Cistercian abbey founded
in 1147 by Murchard O’Melaghlin, King of Meath as a 'daughter house' of Mellifont Abbey.
It was an abbey of importance as the Abbot was a spiritual lord and sat in
the Parliament of the Pale. In 1195 the headless body of Hugh de Lacy (the Anglo-Norman Lord of Meath
who built Trim Castle) was reinterred at the Abbey, his head going to St. Thomas' Abbey, Dublin
(the head and body were later reunited and reinterred in St. Thomas' in Dublin).
The community at Bective Abbey were Anglo-Norman. In 1386 men of Irish birth were effectively
barred from entering the monastery. The cloister (a covered walkway for contemplation and prayer)
and the domestic buildings where the monks lived and worked were rebuilt on a smaller scale in
the 15th century. Two sections of this cloister walkway survive.
A large defensive tower was
built above the south range of the abbey in the 15th century, a reflection of troubled times
in the English Pale. After Bective Abbey and it's 1600 acres of land was
confiscated in 1536, as part-of the campaign by Henry VIII to control the wealth
and power of the church, the complex was converted into a great mansion with the
insertion new fireplaces, chimneys and large stone windows.
Together with nearby Trim Castle, Bective Abbey was used as a location during the shooting
of Mel Gibson's 1995 historical action-drama movie Braveheart, the Cloister was used for
the scene with the Princess and her maid.
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